Colonel Jules Respond, Swiss Guard Commander of the Corps, designed the uniform, introduced on November 22, 1914.
Raphael’s involvement? “Shortly after 1506, however, Raphael represented a group of four Swiss Guards in his painting Mass at Bolsena in the Room of Heliodorus in Julius II’s apartments in the Vatican. Here the guards are shown wearing loose and colorful trousers ending at the knee and a cassock or tunic and doublet that extended to the hip.”
I went to the source to find the history of the uniform and quoted verbatim above:
Sabaton - noun, armor/foot defense of mail or of a number of lames with solid toe and heel pieces.
Anaphora - the lyrics are an example of anaphora, which is the repetition of words, often rhyming. Lines repeat, “For the …” This is a rhetorical device I have been teaching my students and is so effective in speeches, poems, and songs.
Sabaton did anaphora in spades, armed spades.
Today, the size of the Swiss Guard is 135 men.