Conservatism is a political position that emphasizes tradition and relies primarily on the individual to maintain society. The term was first used by François-René de Chateaubriand in 1818 during the Bourbon Restoration. Conservatives sought to reverse the policies of the French Revolution.
The Latin word for conservative is optimatium, from optimum, incomparable, the best or most advantageous, surpassing all others; synonyms: best, ideal, optimal.
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